Bariatric Surgery and Vitamin B12, what do I need to know?

 

Vitamin B12 deficiency can be a complication after bariatric surgery.

Malabsorptive surgeries such as the gastric bypass and the duodenal switch (rarely performed in the UK) are at higher risk of deficiency.

Vitamin B12 is often prescribed after bariatric surgery to prevent deficiency.

Vitamin B12 is absorbed in the small intestine. The lining of the mouth is also capable of absorbing vitamin B12 from food, but it is a small insignificant amount.

The stomach produces a glycoprotein called intrinsic factor which is essential for the absorption of vitamin B12 in the small intestine.

Why is vitamin B12 needed?

Vitamin B12 helps keep the body’s nervous system and blood cells healthy. Vitamin B12 also helps prevent megaloblastic anaemia.

Deficiency of vitamin B12 occur after bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgeries either reduce the size of the stomach or lessen the absorption of nutrients or both.

In Gastric Sleeve surgery the reduced size of the stomach results in a decrease in ghrelin (the hunger hormone) and reduced food intake.

There is also reduced production of an intrinsic factor which is needed for vitamin B12 absorption.

In Gastric Bypass surgery, the part of the stomach where the intrinsic factor is produced is avoided and never exposed to food.

When does deficiency of vitamin B12 occur?

The liver can store up to 3 years requirement of vitamin B12, so deficiency does not usually happen early after bariatric surgery.

Studies show that a significant number of patients become symptomatic within 1-2 years of gastric bypass surgery if not supplemented with Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 injections are usually prescribed every 3 months for life following Bariatric Surgery. There are other forms of vitamin B12 available (sub lingual and nasal spray.) You should discuss this with your bariatric surgeon or bariatric dietitian.

 

Signs and Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency:

 

  • Feeling Weak
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhoea
  • Painful swollen tongue
  • Pins and Needle sensations in the hands and feet
  • Nerve damage
  • Abnormal heart function
  • Poor Memory

 

Vitamin B12 supplementation is important after bariatric surgery, especially those patients who have had Gastric bypass surgery.

Obesity: What are my options?

Obesity, its causes and treatment options:

Obesity and its related health conditions are now considered as the world’s biggest health problem.

What are the causes of obesity and how it could be prevented or treated?

Excess weight is mainly due to what we eat and our lifestyle choices. However, some people are at a disadvantage as overeating can be driven by biological factors, genetics and hormones. Some people have a predisposition to gaining weight.

These people can overcome these disadvantages, but it requires modification of eating behaviour and lifestyle changes in the long term and is easier said than done.

Genetics

Some people seem to be genetically susceptible to obesity. Children of obese parents are much more likely to become obese than children of healthy weight parents. Is this nature or nurture?

Insulin resistance

Insulin is a hormone that regulates energy storage. Elevated insulin levels cause energy to be stored in fat cells instead of being available to use. Elevated insulin levels can lead to insulin resistance

The Western diet promotes insulin resistance which is linked to developing obesity and this contributes to the development of Type 2 Diabetes.

To lower insulin levels, cut back on refined carbohydrates and sugars, combined with increasing fibre intake and activity levels, which will also lead to a decrease in weight and reduction in the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

Leptin Resistance

The hormone Leptin is produced by fat cells and the amount in the blood increases with a higher body fat mass. As a result, leptin levels are high in people with obesity.

In people with a healthy weight, high leptin levels reduce appetite.

In some obese people, the brain does not respond to Leptin, so they keep eating which causes fat cells to produce even more Leptin. This is known as Leptin resistance and the Leptin levels will keep increasing as a person gets fatter.

Underactive Thyroid

This is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This deficiency of thyroid hormone can disrupt the heart rate, body temperature and metabolism.

Symptoms include fatigue, cold sensitivity, constipation, dry skin, depression and unexplained weight gain.

Blood tests can diagnose an underactive thyroid.

Treatment generally involves taking the oral medication Levothyroxine. Levothyroxine is usually continued for life and can reverse the symptoms and help you to return to a healthier weight.

Medications

Some prescribed drugs can cause weight gain as a side effect. These drugs alter the function of your body and brain, reducing metabolic rate (reducing calories burned) or increasing appetite resulting in weight gain.

Steroids, also known as corticosteroids, used to treat conditions such as arthritis and asthma increase the appetite in some people, which leads to weight gain.

Cushing Syndrome:

A very rare syndrome affecting less than 1 in 50,000 people is caused by high levels of cortisone in the body. Weight gain is a common symptom, particularly on the chest, face and stomach.

Processed foods and addiction

Processed foods are usually full of cheap refined ingredients and additives which promote overeating, lack of satiety and addiction.

Many high-fat and sugary junk foods stimulate the reward centres in the brain.

Some people become addicted to these foods, the same way someone would become addicted to alcohol or drugs.

The brain chemistry changes and addiction are difficult to overcome.

As processed junk food is available everywhere, in some poorer neighbourhoods it can be difficult to source healthy foods locally.

Sugar

Added sugar is probably the single worst aspect of the modern diet. Sugar changes the hormones and biochemistry of your body when consumed in excess, leading to insulin resistance.

Excessive sugar intake is considered to be one of the main causes of obesity.

 

 

The food industry

Food marketing is unethical at times and unhealthy foods can be marketed as healthy foods and sadly, this is often targeted at children. Many of today’s children are becoming obese and addicted to junk foods before they are even able to make their own choices.

It is easy to use the above reasons as excuses not to aim for a healthier lifestyle and healthier weight.

Emotional eating:

Unfortunately, often the body’s natural response to uncomfortable emotions is to reach for food as comfort. This is usually foods high in sugar and fat as these foods very temporarily give a boost in feelings of wellbeing. Food can and does temporarily fill an emotional void.

Often with professional help it is possible to find ways of dealing with emotions in a way that does not include food. Whether this is to help to change habits, to deal with stress, anxiety, depression and past traumas etc., qualified professionals can help with these issues.

Relying on exercise only:

Exercise is great and we all should do it but relying on exercise alone to lose weight isn’t going to work. Unless you change your dietary intake, you are unlikely to see any reduction in weight. In theory you can enjoy all foods in moderation if you are mindful about portion size.

Motivation to lose weight:

Be prepared, plan well balanced nutritious meals in advance.

Stay hydrated, drink plenty of water.

Aim to achieve quality sleep.

Get sound professional advice on medical weight loss options available.

Treatment options:

Psychological support:

If you feel that emotional/comfort eating is an issue to you, ensure you factor in expert professional support to deal with emotional eating as well as physical hunger. This can involve many aspects of treatment such as habit change, removing triggers, finding non-food alternatives to dealing with negative emotions, dealing with past traumas, anxiety, stress and depression. The Gateway Health programme, unlike other bariatric providers, deals with the psychological aspects following weight loss surgery aftercare.

Diet pills:

Why rely on pills? Many pills flush out vital vitamins and minerals which are essential for losing weight and avoiding disease.

We understand the desperation to lose weight in the short term, but we are concerned with your long-term health.

Drugs do not give a long-term solution and can be very costly… for example the average cost of a MONTHLY private prescription for the weight loss drug Saxenda is approximately £600-800! When you consider the costs of paying for these drugs over many, many months AND their side effects, would it not be more cost effective to look for a permanent solution?

If you can lose weight eating smaller portions and exercising more then we sincerely congratulate you.

However, we understand this is easier said than done.

There are many other factors in the mix….  genetics, metabolic, biological, behavioural and psychological barriers to losing weight …

Gateway Health offer only time served, evidence-based weight loss surgeries.

Our gold standard after care programme addresses dietary, exercise, behavioural and psychological issues, which result in superior weight loss results and weight maintenance.

Call Gateway Health 0345 9000 339

www.gatewayhealth.co.uk

Bariatric surgery is without doubt the most effective weight loss method available.

Choose a Bariatric provider who not only has UK leading safety statistics (check out he NBSR – national Bariatric Register) but also provides an all-encompassing after care programme.

Gateway Health are the market leaders in Bariatric Surgery with the most comprehensive support and after care programme with industry leading results.

The truth about weight loss surgery.

As your body weight increases, your life expectancy decreases.

People who are severely obese often have a number of weight related medical conditions that greatly increase the risk of dying early. For example, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke, gall bladder disease, some cancers and sleep apnoea.

The risks of bariatric surgery are less than most other operations, including gallbladder and hip replacement surgery.

Many bariatric patients have poor health prior to surgery but the surgical risks are still exceptionally low.

Gateway Health’s lead Bariatric Surgeon Mr Roger Ackroyd has an exceptional safety record.

All UK Bariatric surgeon’s outcomes can be found on the national Bariatric Register. (www.bomss.org.uk>nbsr)

There are many studies that show improvement or resolution of life-threatening obesity-related diseases following bariatric surgery.

The benefits of bariatric surgery far outweigh the risks.

The team at Gateway Health are highly qualified bariatric experts who are committed to providing compassionate and individualised care.

We offer only time served evidence- based weight loss surgeries.

Our expert aftercare programme addresses dietary, exercise, behavioural and psychological support, resulting in superior weight loss results and long-term weight maintenance.

 

Everybody is motivated to lose weight for different reasons, what’s yours?

We all know that losing weight decreases your risks of dying early from weight related illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, some cancers, high blood pressure, high cholesterol etc.

But there are many other benefits to losing weight …….

Improved sleep

Less joint pain

Increased energy

Increased confidence

Improved mood

Better complexion

People usually treat you better

Your children will eat better

You often are more open to trying new experiences and activities

Breathe easier

Clothes look and fit better

Sex drive improves

Your memory may improve

Food tastes better

You save money as not spending as much on food

 

Whatever your reason to lose weight, whether it is to improve health, confidence, mood, energy levels or to live longer…….. you get all the benefits if you make a success of it.

The Dangers of Yo-Yo Dieting

 

Obesity is a main cause of preventable illness and death in the developed world.

It is estimated that at any one time at least 25% of the population is trying to diet and yet the obesity epidemic continues to grow.

Losing weight improves health, right? Absolutely if the weight loss can be maintained in the long term.

However, there is a group of people who do not benefit, these are those people who lose weight, regain the weight, lose weight, regain weight and so on, we call this yo-yo dieting or weight cycling.

A study shows that up to 35% of men and up to 55% of women report having yo-yo dieted.

We find that many Gateway Health patients have a history of yo-yo dieting prior to choosing Bariatric surgery.

Often before making the final decision to choose bariatric surgery, many patients tell us that they will try one last diet. We always wish them well, but sadly know that a significant number of those patients will be back in touch soon to book their surgery.

Long term yo-yo dieting causes multiple health problems, plus of course leads to much frustration.

When dieting the hormone leptin decreases and your appetite increases as your body is trying to increase its depleted energy levels.

Studies show that yo-yo dieting often leads to loss of muscle mass as well as fat, but when the weight is regained it is usually just fat that is regained, particularly around the abdomen. Abdominal fat or ‘belly’ fat increases the risk of type two Diabetes

Studies also show that several cycles of yo-yo dieting can cause fatty liver disease (excess fat inside the cells of the liver.) A fatty liver changes the way the liver metabolises sugars and fats, these changes increase the risk of getting type two Diabetes.

Yo-yo dieting has also been shown to increase the risk of Coronary Heart Disease (narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart). The more times someone yo-yo diets the higher the risk.

The weight re-gain after a diet can also cause hypertension (high blood pressure.)

The negative health problems as a result of yo-yo dieting can last years but can fade and resolve once weight is lost and maintained over years.

If you are frustrated with one diet after another, the constant up and down weight, worried about the adverse health effects that this is causing, why not consider weight loss surgery?

Surgery for obesity is the most effective proven method in terms of weight reduction and improvement in obesity related health conditions, often these conditions disappear completely.

Gateway Health are a highly qualified experienced team of Bariatric experts who are committed to providing compassionate, caring individualised care. We offer time served, evidence-based weight loss surgery procedures alongside an aftercare programme that addresses dietary, lifestyle and psychological support, which we know is needed to prevent weight regain in the years following surgery.

Our prices are competitive and all consultations are free of charge.

Gateway Health 0345 9000 339

 

Preventing common problems after surgery.

Tips to prevent common problems:

Eat slowly, chew foods thoroughly and stop eating as soon as you feel satisfied to avoid discomfort, nausea and vomiting and ultimately stretching your stomach pouch.

To prevent nutritional deficiencies always take your vitamin and mineral supplements as directed by your bariatric team alongside a healthy balanced diet. Symptoms of deficiencies can be: fatigue, achy muscles, tingling feet, calves or hands.

Some hair loss can be experienced around months 4-8 post surgery, this is caused by rapid weight loss and/or lack of protein or vitamins/minerals in the diet. To prevent this, patients should consume the amount of protein recommended by their bariatric dietitian (usually 60mg daily) and take vitamins/minerals as directed. Gateway Health patients are usually recommended to take 2 x complete multi vitamin and mineral supplements per day or 1 x prescribed Forceval vitamin and mineral supplement a day. Be reassured that we do find that hair does grow back after 12 months and often thicker than it was before surgery.

Dehydration is caused by drinking too little fluid or by persistent vomiting. Signs and symptoms include dark and strong-smelling urine, dry mouth, headache, and fatigue.  Drinking with meals is to be avoided after bariatric surgery, so it is important to sip liquids frequently throughout the day to avoid dehydration.

Dumping syndrome is caused by food emptying too quickly from the new stomach after gastric bypass surgery. Signs and symptoms include diarrhoea, nausea, cold sweats, and light-headedness. Avoid eating or drinking refined sugars and high-fat foods or drinks and wait for 30 minutes after finishing your meals before drinking.

After weight loss surgery you eat less food and fibre. To prevent constipation drink plenty of water, exercise daily, include fibre in your diet and we find taking a fibre supplement such as Benefiber or Fibresure is helpful. (found in large supermarkets near the vitamin aisle)

If you find it difficult to follow advice, whether that is due to poor motivation, poor understanding of nutrition/what is required, poor planning, lack of knowledge as to how to prepare meals/meet your dietary needs or emotional eating …. It is important to seek professional expert advice to avoid a poor result and future weight regain.

Weight loss surgery is just a tool, if long term dietary, exercise and mind set are not changed, weight regain is a real possibility. Find a bariatric provider who can expertly meet all of your individual needs.

Aftercare makes all the difference…

 

Surgical weight loss specialists all know for sure that bariatric surgery is a tool to help you lose weight. It is without any doubt the most effective proven weight loss method, but it still is not a miracle cure. Weight regain can and does happen.

Permanent dietary and activity changes need to be made and often for this to happen we need to get rid of old habits and change our mindset.

A good aftercare programme needs to support you medically, nutritionally and emotionally through the early days, weeks, months and possibly years following surgery….

 

Things to consider in the early weeks

What is normal, what are the physical warning signs? Who do I contact?

What should I be eating and drinking? What amount should I be eating? What texture of food should I be eating?

When can I go back to work? What activities can I do? Are my wounds ok?

 

And months later…………………………

My relationships are changing, some people are helpful, others not so much! How best to deal with this?

After a lifetime of an unhealthy relationship with food, how do I turn it into a new healthy relationship?

How do I deal with cravings? What’s triggering my cravings? How do I eat the ‘right’ things when I’m craving the ‘wrong’ foods?

How do I change a lifetime of habits? How do I make my new habits stick?

I used to use food to feel calmer after a stressful day at work, it used to lift my mood, ease my anxiety, what should I do now?

How do I recognise the signs of stress, depression, anxiety? What help can I get for this?

How can I change my negative thoughts?

I’m losing my motivation now a few months have passed how can I get it back?

Will I get loose skin? What can I do to help myself with this as I’m losing weight?

 

Check with your provider who will guide and support you along your journey……

Help my relationship is changing!

 

After weight loss surgery your lifestyle changes, your habits change, your body shape is decreasing, your energy is increasing, and your health is often improving.

These things can often have a positive effect on your personal relationships, especially when your partner or significant others are understanding and supportive of the changes. Often their quality of life can improve too!

These changes can be very positive although at times relationship difficulties can arise.

The people in your life can react differently towards you, such as trying to consciously (or unconsciously/not realise they are doing it) sabotage your efforts,

They might not have faith in the fact that you can stick to your new lifestyle.

There could be jealousy, jealous of your successful weight loss and your courage at having done something positive to improve the quality of your life and your health.

Sometimes there is insecurity, they may worry that now you may want to find a different partner, friends might find the new you ‘boring’

Try to speak to your partner/the important people in your life as to how they can support you, explain what you have had done and the changes this will mean to your life long term, placing emphasis on all the positive gains… better health, improved energy, encourage them to voice their fears and openly discuss the changes.

For long term success following bariatric surgery and to avoid the real risk of future weight gain, it is essential that permanent behaviour changes are made, and emotional needs are understood and met in a healthier way.

Post-Surgery Blues

 

I hear it often, when calling our patients after their discharge from hospital………… their feelings of regret …. sometimes saying they feel guilty at not having been able to lose weight on their own without having had to resort to weight loss surgery, plus the added post-operative discomfort and pain, pain and discomfort that they ‘chose’ to have this procedure.

Feeling low after an anaesthetic is common, we reassure our patients that these feelings are perfectly normal and do pass very quickly. We often then talk about the reasons why they chose to have surgery in the first places and remind them that losing weight ‘eating less and exercising more’ is easier said than done and that there are often biological, metabolic, behavioural and psychological reasons all playing their part. We want our patients to relax and stop being so hard on themselves!

Let’s focus on the positive…. following the post-operative recovery, you will notice your physical hunger level is less, sometimes non-existent! Your energy levels will begin to increase, your quality of sleep usually improves, and your body shape will gradually start to change.

However, sometimes difficulties can appear and there are several reasons for this. Everyone is an individual, with different sets of circumstances yet we do see some common themes.

Sometimes we hear that patients feel as if they are losing not being able to socialise or eat with family and friends as you did before surgery due to your post-operative dietary restrictions.

Be reassured that as the next few months pass, textures of foods will increase, and portion sizes will not be quite as restrictive. You will still be able to eat with others, just less.

Sometimes after a few weeks or even months, it becomes clear with some patients that, before surgery, food was used as a way of managing feelings and thoughts. It can feel as if you have lost your method of coping with these uncomfortable emotions and thoughts. It is important to find a healthier way of dealing with these unwanted feelings and thoughts to avoid self-sabotage (finding ways to work against your surgery/not following advice) or cross addiction (using alcohol or drugs in the situations you used to use food as a coping method).

Find an aftercare programme that provides expert emotional support and advice to help you deal with areas such as anxiety, low mood, stress, self-esteem and confidence.

 

Are you prepared to make the long-term changes to achieve a long-term good result?

 

Don’t kid yourself, Bariatric Surgery is not a quick fix. Yes, you are more than likely to lose weight in the early weeks and maybe months after surgery, but that weight can and often is regained.

For long term success you certainly must change your dietary and lifestyle habits and become more physically active, but have you considered that bariatric surgery can only help with your physical hunger but not your emotional hunger?

Have you used food as a means of coping with your emotions in the past? For example, eating when you feel low in mood, anxious or stressed?

You are going to need to learn different healthier means of dealing with your emotions. Who is going to guide and support you? If you can no longer self soothe or calm yourself with food, how will you manage with these emotions?

Choose a Bariatric provider who offers an after-care package that will fulfil your potential needs. Check out the experience and specialty of each member of the team, not just the Surgeon! Of course, when you are looking for a provider, check out the experience and safety record of your bariatric surgeon. The National Bariatric Surgical Register (NBSR) gives information on every bariatric surgeons’ statistics.

Your Aftercare programme, does it cover dietary, lifestyle and psychological support? Are the team Weight loss surgery specialists? Not simply an aesthetic clinic adding on weight loss surgery procedures. Bariatric Surgery is a real specialty which should be managed by experts in the field.